Gingivitis or periodontitis is commonly known as gum disease. Gum disease affects millions of adults around the world. Many people may think gun disease is just something minor, but if people do not get it treated, it can lead to severe damage, and people could end up losing their teeth. Knowing the symptoms of gum disease is important, as well as what causes it because it can help prevent it.



The Causes Of Gum Disease

When bacteria builds up in the mouth, it can lead to gum disease. This is because plaque and tartar forms right along the gum line as a result of the built-up bacteria. When this is left untreated, the gums can become irritated and inflamed, as well as infected. The good thing about plaque is it can be taken care of by brushing your teeth and flossing. However, tartar is hardened up plaque, and in order to have it removed, you need to have a dentist use tools that are designed to remove tartar.

As you can see, plaque and tartar are at the root of the problem, but there are a number of factors that can contribute to gum disease’s development, and this includes:

1. Smoking – Smoking is a bad habit that can irritate the gums, which can lead to inflammation.

2. Dry Mouth – Saliva can be reduced due to a number of things, such as illnesses and medications. When saliva is reduced, then bacteria can thrive quickly, which can lead to gum disease.

3. Genetics – You could be at risk for gum disease if it runs in your family.



Gum Disease Symptoms

There are quite a few symptoms of gum disease, and the symptoms you might experience depends on how far the disease has progressed. Here are some of the symptoms that are associated with gingivitis, a mild form of gum disease:

1. Swollen or Red Gums – One of the most common symptoms of gum disease is swollen, tender and/or red gums. Gums should be a shade of pink and not a deep red.

2. Gums Prone To Bleeding When Brushed – When you brush your teeth, your gums should not start to bleed. If gums are prone to bleeding when you brush your teeth, you could have gum disease.


It is important to treat gum disease as early as possible because if you don’t, it could progress to gingivitis, and eventually it can lead to periodontitis, which is a more severe form of gum disease. If the disease progresses this far, then bacteria will form right beneath the gum line and the root of the tooth will be attacked. Connective tissues and the jawbone could also be attacked by the bacteria. This can lead to consequences such as:


1. Bad Breath – Periodontitis can lead to bad breath, and this is one of the most common signs of periodontitis.

2. Receding Gums – You might start to notice that your gums are shrinking or even pulling away from your teeth, which may start to look more exposed. This is another sign of gum disease.

3. Sensitive Teeth – When your teeth become more exposed, they can become very sensitive to hot and cold sensations. This also goes for sweet and sour foods.

4. Shifting Teeth – Changes in your normal bite, as a result of your teeth shifting, is another sign of periodontitis.

5. Teeth That Are Loose – When periodontitis advances, you may notice your teeth starting to become loose, and it may be painful. At this stage, it is crucial to get treated because if you don’t seek out treatment, your teeth may need to be pulled.


Periodontitis can be treated, but it is important to catch it in time. See a Dr. Yuri Krainov  today and find out if you are suffering from gum disease.